IMPORTANCE OF SPAYING + NEUTERING:
Ovariohysterectomy: Commonly known as “spay”. The removal of the FEMALE reproductive tract, both ovaries, and uterus to prevent reproduction.
Orchiectomy: Commonly known as “neuter”. The removal of both testicals of the MALE reproductive tract to prevent future breeding.
Determining whether to spay/neuter your pets is commonly a controversial decision. When sterilizing your pet at the right age, it can be very beneficial to your and your pet. Most veterinarians recommend your dog or cat to be sterilized between 5-6 months of age. Some breeds including German Shepherds, Great Danes, Golden Retrievers, and Labrador Retrievers, are recommended to be spayed/neutered at 1 year of age. Sterilizing large breeds before 1 year of age can cause the growth plates to be affected before they are fully grown. This can make them more prone to joint problems, bone tumors, or hip and elbow dysplasia.
Positives of Spaying/Neutering:
Decreases mammary tumors by 90% (if spayed before first heat cycle)
Reduces male instinct to run off or roam in search of females
Helps decrease with marking territory or unwanted marking
Reduces hormones associated with breeding instincts
Tends to make pets better companions
Decreases the chances of uterine infections, like pyometra
Stops unwanted puppies or kittens, decreasing overpopulation
Helps with behavioral problems associated with mating